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短文改错解题技巧口诀

时间:2020-03-06 10:41:55 阅读 我要投稿

短文改错解题技巧口诀

  在英语考试中,会有短文改错的题型,那么相关的解题技巧口诀又是怎么样的呢?下面就随小编一起去阅读短文改错解题技巧口诀,相信能带给大家帮助。

短文改错解题技巧口诀

  短文改错口诀:

  动词形,名词数;

  注意形和副;

  非谓动词细辨别;

  习惯用法要记住;

  句子成分多分析;

  逻辑错误须关注。

  动词形

  PART 1

  主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。

  例如:My favorite sport is football. I was a member of our school football team. (was→am)

  Now my picture and prize is hanging in the library. (is→are)

  上述两例分别属于时态错误和主谓不一致错误。找出此类错误的关键是树立牢固的时态概念,注意短文内容发生或存在的时间,保持时间概念的一致性。

  名词数

  PART 2

  指名词单数、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数。

  例如:…so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. (subject→subjects)

  注意形副

  PART 3

  区分形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文改错的常考点。

  例如:I’m sure we’ll have awonderfullytime together. (wonderfully→wonderful)

  Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. (Unfortunate→Unfortunately)

  需要注意的是,形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。第一例中的wonderful作定语修饰time,第二句的Unfortunately作状语修饰整个句子。

  非谓动词细辨别

  PART4

  这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。

  例如:1. …in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. (interesting→interested)

  2. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also … (Play→Playing)

  3. My parents love me… and will do all they can ∧ make sure… (to)

  上述二、三例分别是动名词作主语,和不定式作目的状语。一般的,现在分词有主动态和进行时的含义,而过去分词具有被动态和完成时的含义,不定式有将来时态的含义。

  习惯用法要记住

  PART5

  主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。例如:

  1. It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and… (for→of)

  2. We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. (of)

  句子成分多分析

  PART6

  不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。

  例如:

  1. They ∧eager to know everything about China and… (were)

  2. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. (where→which)

  第一例漏掉了谓语动词were,这是受寒于习惯的影响而导致的错误;第二例则是词类与它在句子中的成分不相符,which(代“北京”, 在所引导的非限制性定语从句中做主语) is the capital of China (系表结构)where是副词,不能作主语。

  逻辑错误须关注

  PART7

  与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如:

  1. The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. (his→their)

  2. First, let me tell you something more about myself. (去掉more)

  3. … no way of setting the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead. (someone→everyone)

  上述第一例中的主语是Smiths(史密斯夫妇俩),因此后面的his不合逻辑。第二例中的`more在这儿表“再”的意思,才开始告诉别人,怎么能说“再告诉你一些事”?第三例讲的是为了解决看电视时的争端,“我们”把电视机卖了;晚上没电视看了,所以与从前一样,大家又都读书了,所以该用everyone。

  除了上述错误类型外,常考的错误形式还有:连词but, and, or和so的用法错误(可以归类为逻辑错误),以及冠词的用法错误等。

  例如:

  1. She was smiling but nodding at me. (but→and)

  2. It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. (and→or)

  3. We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a→the)

  做下面短文改错题 ,看看是否用到本文的口诀。

  Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei

  Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows,it’s famous

  76. _____

  Mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather

  77. _____

  was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of

  78. _____

  the mountain,the three of them were very excited. As we

  79. _____

  climbed the mountain,we fed monkeys,visiting temples

  80. _____

  and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking picture

  81._____

  since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly.

  82. _____

  Evening came down. We spent the night in a hotel at the top

  83. _____

  of the mountain. The food was expensive and the service was

  84. _____

  good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my

  85. _____

  head touched the pillow.

  答案与分析

  76. famous前加上a.(名词数)此题考查冠词的基本用法。mountain是可数名词,这里是泛指,所以要加不定冠词a。

  77. 正确

  78.we前面加when,引导一个时间状语从句。(句子成分多分析)It was about noon和we arrived at the foot of the mountain都是简单句,必须用复合连词when把它们连接起来,构成时间状语从句。

  79. them→us(逻辑错误须关注)此题考查代词的用法。这篇短文叙述了作者和他的父母亲一起去旅游,这里指的是“我们”,而不是“他们”。

  80. visiting→visited(非谓动词细辨别)并列连词and连接的是三个谓语:fed, visited和told。

  81.picture→pictures(名词数)picture是可数名词,从下文中since the scenery was so beautiful可以看出,作者拍了不止一张照片。所以要用复数。

  82. passes→passed(动词形)考查动词时态,作者和他父母亲旅游的时间发生在过去(Last week),所以要用一般过去时。

  83. 去掉down(习惯用法要记住)Evening came的意思是,到了夜晚。不能用came down。

  84. and→but(but,and,or和so)此题考查连词的基本用法。食物贵(The food was expensive)与服务好(the service was good)之间是转折关系,不是并列关系。

  85. 去掉at(句子成分多分析 / 习惯用法要记住)the moment(that)可以引导时间状语从句,意思是“一…就”,前面不用介词at。在这个句子中,省略了that。

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